## What is pure expectations theory?

The Pure-Expectations Hypothesis states

**that expected future spot rates of interest are equal to the forward rates that can be calculated today (from observed spot rates)**. In other words, the forward rates are unbiased predictors for making expectations of future spot rates.## What key assumption underlies pure expectation theory?

The key assumption underlying the pure expectations theory is

**the rational expectations hypothesis**.## What is the pure expectations theory What does the pure expectations theory imply about the term structure of interest rates?

A theory that

**asserts that forward rates exclusively represent the expected future rates**. In other words, the entire term structure reflects the market’s expectations of future short-term rates. For example, an increasing slope to the term structure implies increasing short-term interest rates.## What is the expectation hypothesis What is missing from the expectation hypothesis?

The expectation hypothesis

**neglects the risks inherent in investing in bonds**(because forward rates are not perfect predictors of future rates). … Interest rate risk.## What is the pure expectations theory what affect does it have on the yield curve?

Pure Expectation Theory

This theory assumes that the various maturities are substitutes and the shape of the yield curve depends on **the market’s expectation of future interest rates**. According to this theory, yields tend to change over time, but the theory fails to define the details of yield curve shapes.

## What is expectation theory and liquidity preference theory?

Based expectations theory asserts that

**factors other than current expectations of future**short-term interest rates influence current long-term interest rates. … Biased expectations theory has two major variants; liquidity preference theory and preferred habitat theory.## How are upward sloping yield curves explained by the pure expectations theory?

According to the expectations hypothesis,

**if future interest rates are expected to rise, then**the yield curve slopes upward, with longer term bonds paying higher yields. … The yield of bonds of different terms tend to move together. Short-term yields are more volatile than long-term yields.## What is preferred habitat theory?

The preferred habitat theory is a

**term structure hypothesis suggesting that different bond investors prefer a particular maturity length over another**, and they are only willing to buy bonds outside of their maturity preference if risk premia for other maturity ranges are available.## Which term structure theory is based on the assumption that bonds of different maturities are perfect substitutes?

**Expectations theory**assumes that bonds of all maturities are perfect substitutes.

## What does an upward sloping yield curve indicate?

The slope of the yield curve provides an important clue to the direction of future short-term interest rates; an upward sloping curve generally indicates that

**the financial markets expect higher future interest rates**; a downward sloping curve indicates expectations of lower rates in the future.## Why is the yield curve upward sloping?

A yield curve is typically upward sloping;

**as the time to maturity increases, so does the associated interest rate**. … Therefore, investors (debt holders) usually require a higher rate of return (a higher interest rate) for longer-term debt.## What does an upward sloping yield curve imply According to the expectations theory of the term structure of interest rates?

What does an upward-sloping yield curve imply, according to the expectations theory of the term structure of interest rates?

**Investors expect future short-term interest rates to be higher than the current short-term interest rate.**## What does a downward sloping yield curve mean according to the pure expectations hypothesis?

Under the pure expectations theory, a yield curve that is upward (downward) sloping, means

**that short-term rates are expected to rise (fall)**.## Why does a yield curve downward sloping explain briefly?

A downward sloping yield curve indicates

**people think that interest rates (and thus bond yields) will be lower in the future than they currently are**. Typically, central banks cut interest rates to encourage economic growth.## When the yield curve is inverted the yield curve is?

When the yield curve inverts,

**short-term interest rates become higher than long-term rates**. This type of yield curve is the rarest of the three main curve types and is considered to be a predictor of economic recession.## When the yield curve is inverted the yield curve is quizlet?

An inverted yield curve is one in which

**the shorter-term yields are higher than the longer-term yields**, which can be a sign of upcoming recession.## When the zero curve is upward sloping Which of the following is true?

Problem 4.18.

“When the zero curve is upward sloping, **the zero rate for a particular maturity is greater than the par yield for that maturity**.

## What does higher Treasury yields mean?

Treasury yield is the return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the U.S. government’s debt obligations. … The higher the yields on long-term U.S. Treasuries,

**the more confidence investors have in the economic outlook**. But high long-term yields can also be a signal of rising inflation in the future.