How much energy does TNT produce?

One of the most popular explosive compounds is TNT (trinitrotoluene). The energy released in an explosion of 1 gram of TNT is approximately 4000 Joules. It is common to measure the power of an explosion by asking how much TNT would be needed to produce an explosion as powerful.

How big is a kiloton explosion?

1,000 tons
… atomic bombs is measured in kilotons, each unit of which equals the explosive force of 1,000 tons of TNT. The explosive power of hydrogen bombs, by contrast, is frequently expressed in megatons, each unit of which equals the explosive force of 1,000,000 tons of TNT.

How many kilotons of TNT is a nuclear bomb?

The two nuclear weapons dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, had an explosive yield of the equivalent of about 15 kilotons of dynamite and 20 kilotons of dynamite respectively.

How many joules are in TNT?

Historical derivation of the value
Grams TNT Symbol Energy [Joules]
gram of TNT g 4.184×103 J or 4.184 kilojoules
kilogram of TNT kg 4.184×106 J or 4.184 megajoules
megagram of TNT Mg 4.184×109 J or 4.184 gigajoules
gigagram of TNT Gg 4.184×1012 J or 4.184 terajoules

How is explosive power measured?

The efficiency of an explosive is measured by its relative explosive power, REP. This quantity is defined as REP = QVg/m2, where Q is the energy released in the explosion, Vg is the total volume (at STP) of gas produced, and m is the mass of the explosive that has reacted.

How strong is a blast of 1 kg of TNT?

A single kilogram of dynamite can yield overpressure effects measured at more than 1,200 kPa (174 psi) at 1 meter and 280 kPa (40.6 psi) at 2 meters. The blast wave expands in all directions unless reflected or channeled by a structure.

How many joules of energy does a nuclear bomb have?

Thus, a 1 kiloton nuclear weapon is one which produces the same amount of energy in an explosion as does 1 kiloton (1,000 tons) of TNT. Similarly, a 1 megaton weapon would have the energy equivalent of 1 million tons of TNT. One megaton is equivalent to 4.18 x 1015 joules.

What is the meaning of kiloton?

1 : 1000 tons. 2 : an explosive force equivalent to that of 1000 tons of TNT.

Is TNT more powerful than C4?

C4 is 18% more powerful than TNT. Ammonium nitrate in its pure form is a fairly weak explosive. When combined with fuel oil, however, it gains an explosive power nearly equal to TNT.

How much damage can 1 stick of dynamite do?

The force of different varieties may vary 30 to 40 percent, but a properly placed standard stick can blast a 12‐inch tree stump from the ground. Invented by Alfred Nobel in 1866, dynamite has nitroglycerin based in some porous material that is either inert or can itself intensify an explosion.

What does TNT stand for in dynamite?

trinitrotoluene (TNT), a pale yellow, solid organic nitrogen compound used chiefly as an explosive, prepared by stepwise nitration of toluene.

How heavy is a kiloton?

1000 tons
a unit of weight, equal to 1000 tons. an explosive force equal to that of 1000 tons of TNT.

How many tons is a kiloton?

1000 t
Kiloton (metric) to Ton (metric) Conversion Table
Kiloton (metric) [kt] Ton (metric) [t]
1 kt 1000 t
2 kt 2000 t
3 kt 3000 t
5 kt 5000 t

What is c4 made of?

C-4 is made up of explosives, plastic binder, plasticizer and, usually, marker or taggant chemicals such as 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-dinitrobutane (DMDNB) to help detect the explosive and identify its source.

Will dynamite explode if you drop it?

Dynamite is nitroglycerine rendered insensitive by mixing it with diatomaceous earth. By design it will not explode upon impact but requires a powerful explosive shock from a blasting cap in order to set it off.

What did Alfred Nobel invent?

Blasting cap
Alfred Nobel/Inventions
Swedish chemist, inventor, engineer, entrepreneur and business man Alfred Nobel had acquired 355 patents worldwide when he died in 1896. He invented dynamite and experimented in making synthetic rubber, leather and artificial silk among many other things.

Did soldiers eat C4?

During the Vietnam War, American troops would eat small amounts of C4 plastic explosive to get high.

What do explosives smell like?

Smell: Some explosive materials smell of marzipan or almonds. Noise: Ticking or hissing sounds may indicate the presence of an explosive device.

Is there a C5 bomb?

A C5 bomb is a bomb developed jointly by the Obristanian, Kolechian, and Arstotzkan science laboratories. Tested in 2016 on Jupiter, the bomb can explode 1500km (932 miles) worth of land.

What is c6 explosive?

C-4 is composed of explosives, plastic binder, plasticizer to make it malleable, and usually a marker or odorizing taggant chemical.

C-4 (explosive)
Filling weight 91%
Detonation mechanism PETN-based detonating cord
Blast yield High

What is in Semtex?

Semtex is a general-purpose plastic explosive containing RDX and PETN. It is used in commercial blasting, demolition, and in certain military applications.

What did ww2 soldiers do for fun?

In their spare time, soldiers wrote letters and diaries, drew sketches, read books and magazines, pursued hobbies, played cards or gambled. There were also opportunities for more-organised social activities.